The BUILDING RESEARCH ESTABLISHMENT (BRE) is a UK-based centre of building science. It was founded in 1921 as a UK government national laboratory called the “Building Research Board” as an effort to improve the quality of housing, before being privatised in 1997. Today the BRE provides research, advice, training, testing, certification and standards for both public and private organisations in the UK and abroad. It is owned by the BRE TRUST, a charity that commissions research into the challenges faced by the built environment and publishes project findings which act as authoritative guidance to the construction industry. The BRE is the creator of a number of building standards including; BREEAM, the CODE FOR SUSTAINABLE HOMES, and the HOME QUALITY MARK.