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The term ‘Biophilia’ refers to the inherent human affinity to nature. The term ‘Biophilic Design’ refers to an approach to building design that seeks to increase occupant connectivity to nature. Biophilic experiences have been proved to reduce stress, and improve productivity, and can result in positive health and wellbeing outcomes. In an article titled ‘THE PRACTICE OF BIOPHILIC DESIGN’, Stephen Kellert and Elizabeth Calabrese categorised Biophilic Design strategies into three major Biophilic experiences: direct experience of nature, indirect experience of nature, and experience of space and place. Direct experiences refer to direct interactions with plants, light, water resulting from strategies such as; green walls, green roofs, interior planting schemes, and views of nature through windows. Indirect experiences include use of natural materials like wood and earth, even images of nature, which can provide excellent solutions within spaces where plants are not desired or views of nature aren’t feasible. Biophilic design has been incorporated into both the WELL Building Standard and the LIVING BUILDING STANDARD.

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